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Daily abuses suffered by Nigeria’s journalists

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first_imgBefore April ended with the twin newspaper bombings in Abuja and Kaduna, there were two suspicious deaths of journalists. Reporters Without Borders is unable to determine whether they were linked to the victims’ work. On 16 April, Chuks Ogu, a journalist with the station Independent Television, was shot dead by a gunman who burst into the apartment of a couple whose wedding he had been filming and opened fire. The circumstances of the murder are still unclear and it is not know whether the journalist was the target or simply an innocent victim.  On 3 April, the body of Ibrahim Muhammed, a film editor with the commercial TV station African Independent Television, was found in a pool of blood in his apartment in Kaduna. According to his family, he had been followed home on two occasions by unidentified people. An investigation was opened on 4 April, but there have been no serious efforts to find those responsible.Photo: Newspapers’ readers in Kano, Northern Nigeria (AFP/Seyllou Diallo) Receive email alerts NigeriaAfrica Follow the news on Nigeria Nigerian news site deliberately blocked, expert report confirms NigeriaAfrica June 10, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information May 7, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Daily abuses suffered by Nigeria’s journalists RSF_en January 28, 2021 Find out more to go further Organisation February 8, 2021 Find out more Twitter blocked, journalism threatened in Nigeria News Nigerian investigative journalist forced to flee after massacre disclosures News News News Following World Press Freedom Day on May 3, Reporters Without Borders takes a look at the breaches of freedom of news and information in Nigeria during the first quarter of 2012, turning the spotlight on one of the most dangerous countries in Africa for journalists. For the first time, it has included the Islamist militia Boko Haram in its latest list of Predators of Freedom of Information, just published.The press freedom organization outlines all breaches of freedom of information recorded between 24 December and 24 March. It highlights the almost daily arrests and assault of journalists and the obstruction of access to, and distribution of, information, and describes the insidious atmosphere in which journalists have to carry out their work.During the period in question, Reporters Without Borders recorded: the murder of one journalist, the killing of another with no proof that it was linked to the victim’s work, nine assaults, seven arrests, three journalists threatened, four instances of seizure of equipment or deletion of files, three cases of access to information being cut off, three court cases against journalists and news organisations, the closure of a press centre and a media outlet’s premises vandalised.The report also covers disturbances in April when there were bomb attacks on the offices of two newspapers, in Abuja and Kaduna.Whether these abuses  – obstruction of information and control of the government’s image, or gratuitous violence and threats – were carried out by the government or private organizations using armed groups, they confirm the authorities’ desire to silence journalists who try to report on the instability now gripping the country.   Nigeria embodies a paradox. On the one hand, it is a country where freedom of news and information is effective so far as the pluralism and vitality of the media are concerned, and on the other, it has one of Africa’s worst records for infringements of press freedom and a worrying level of danger for journalists.   Murder, threats and violenceSince 14 March, when it became known that talks were taking place between Boko Haram and the government, the freelance journalist Ahmad Salkida has received several anonymous telephone threats. The reporter, who has covered the activities of Boko Haram for several years, was accused among other things of being a member of the Islamist group and of being the instigator of the talks. He was also told that he and the group “are not supposed to exist”. The next day, he was followed by a white Lagos-registered 4×4 for several hours in Abuja.In July last year he was forced to move away from the northern city of Maiduguri after receiving threats from people claiming to belong to Boko Haram. The threats followed the publication in the magazine Blueprint of an article he wrote on the Islamist group’s first suicide bomber.On 11 March, Boko Haram threatened to take action against three newspapers, National Accord, Vanguard and Tribune, in a tele-conference in Maiduguri, capital of Borno state. The group said the newspapers attributed statements to the group which were not made by its members and showed bias against it in their reports. It said they portrayed the group in a negative light while praising government forces.On 9 March, Boko Haram had threatened to “take care of” any journalist that misrepresented its views in an article. The Nigerian Tribune and Vanguard Newspapers were among those mentioned specifically by the group’s spokesman, Abul Qaqa.On 13 February, six journalists from the New Nigerian, Blueprint, Aminiya, Voice of Nigeria, Hausa Service and the Nigerian Standard, and a Nigerian Television Authority cameraman were attacked by a dozen unidentified assailants in Katami village in the Silame local government area of Sokoto State, where they were covering the election campaign of the All Nigeria Peoples Party’s candidate for the state governorship, Alhaji Yusha’u Ahmed. The bus in which they were travelling was attacked by men armed with machetes, knives, cutlasses and sticks.On 7 February, Akinola Ariyo, a photojournalist for the New Nigerian, was threatened by an officer who aimed his weapon at him and ordered him to leave while he was accompanying a group of people trying to negotiate the reopening of the press centre at Murtala Mohammed airport in Lagos, closed by the airport authorities in early February.On 1 February, three security guards assaulted Hassan Adebayo, marketing executive with the Port Harcourt newspaper Daily Trust and Sani Musa, the driver of the company’s distribution vehicle, as the pair were delivering copies of that day’s edition to vendors in the area.  The attackers, in a white Toyota Hilux with the registration number RV 96 AO1, first attacked the driver, who managed to escape, then vandalised the vehicle, smashing its side mirrors.  On 20 January, Enenche Godwin Akogwu, 31, the Kano correspondent of Channels TV, was shot dead while trying to cover Boko Haram suicide bombings, which killed at least 185 people earlier that day.  The journalist was interviewing victims outside the Farm central police station, which was a target of one of the attacks, when an unidentified gunman fired several shots at him.The body of radio reporter Nansok Silas, who worked for Highland FM, was found on 19 January in a stream under a bridge on the Zaramagada-Rayfield road, 200 metres from a military checkpoint, in Jos, northeast of Abuja. Nothing of value was taken from him and colleagues suspect  he was the victim of a targeted murder, but the cause of death and possible motive are still unknown.Originally from the Langtang North area in Plateau state, he had worked for Highland FM for three years and hosted a programme called “Highland Profile”. He had not received any threats. Reporters Without Borders has called on the authorities to carry out a thorough investigation and to do their utmost to shed light on his death, and to consider the possibility that it was linked to his work.On 3 January, the Kano office of the Daily Trust was invaded by vandals who tried to smash up the premises and assault staff.  Only one person involved in the failed attempt was arrested. He was charged with criminal conspiracy, assault, criminal trespass and mischief by fire. Obstructing access to information and controlling the state’s imageThere was glaring evidence during the first quarter of 2012 of the Nigerian authorities’ desire to control the country’s image and monitor what the media publish or broadcast.  The government demonstrated its resolve to hide the real extent of the population’s demonstrations of dissatisfaction, as well as the threat presented by Boko Haram. It seems as if the obstruction of access to information, seizures of newspaper print runs and equipment, as well as threats and lawsuits against journalists are aimed at allowing the government to play down its own weakness and the difficulties faced by the country, On 13 March, police and troops manhandled several journalists covering a visit to Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State, by the first lady, Patience Jonathan. Dare Fasuba, of The Vanguard, Akinwale Aboluade of The Punch, Gbenro Adesina of The News/PM NEWS, and Sola Adeyemo of Compass Newspapers were prevented from entering Lekan Salami Stadium, while others such as Bisi Oladele of The Nation were beaten when they tried to exercise their right to cover the event.A few days earlier, Jude Obiemenyego, a journalist with the newspaper Zion Nationale, was arrested by an officer of the State Security Service, for having exposed a case of corruption involving the ex-wife of the former government of Delta State.  He was arrested in the woman’s office and threatened with a gun before being taken to police headquarters where he was held for several days. Since his release, he has received telephone death threats from unidentified callers.On 7 March, an unidentified journalist was assaulted by police officers deployed to break up protests by youths at the Stubb Creek oilfield in the southern state of Akwa Ibom. The journalist fled to escape further violence. On 23 February, Misbahu Bashir, a reporter for the Daily Trust, was refused access to the headquarters of the Aguryi Ironsi brigade in Abuja and was forced to stay in his car for three hours by soldiers outside the building. The journalist was seeking information about the arrest by brigade troops of 99 passengers travelling in a truck that had been stopped on the Kaduna-Abuja highway.He said he was detained after asking to see the brigade commander instead of the public relations officer, a captain, with whom he had originally requested a meeting.The reporter was allowed to leave after he was made to write down his name, address and vehicle registration number.    On 18 February, Iyatse Joshua, of the radio station City FM, was arrested by Lagos police while he was covering a procession organized by human rights activists and organizations in remembrance of those killed by security forces a during the week-long nationwide strike and mass protest against the abolition in January of fuel subsidies. He and a number of activists were taken to the offices of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad. All were released several hours later on the orders of the chief of police. On 14 February, Suleiman Isah, a reporter with the Daily Champion, was barred from entering the Niger State government headquarters by members of the State Security Service, despite having appropriate accreditation. The security officers threatened him before he was allowed to leave the premises.Earlier, a Voice of America reporter was manhandled by security men in similar circumstances outside the Justice Idris Legbo Conference Centre, a few metres from the government building. On 13 February, journalists from The Nation, ThisDay, The Punch, The Guardian and Nigerian Tribune were forced to leave by soldiers posted at the entrance to a hospital next door to the government headquarters in the northern city of Kaduna. They were reporting on an attack by some of the governor’s guards on an information ministry official, whom they mistook for a member of Boko Haram. On 9 February, Isa Sa’idu, the Kaduna bureau chief of the Daily Trust, was threatened by Lieutenant-Colonel Abubakar Edun, spokesman of the army’s First Mechanised Division,  for having reported that soldiers had manhandled journalists trying to cover the bombing of a division barracks in Kaduna on 7 February. His equipment was seized. On the same day at the same location, Umar Uthman a cameraman with the private station African Independent Television and a colleague from government-run Katuna State Television both had their cameras confiscated.On 7 February, agents of the State Security Service raided the offices of the Nigerian Television Authority in Abuja in search of video recordings that showed members of Boko Haram nominated to take part in talks with the government. The cassettes were taken away by the agents, who said they were acting on government orders.On 5 February, the French journalist Jérémie Drieu, a reporter for the channel TF1, and a local colleague Ahmad Salkida, were arrested by soldiers in the city of Jos in Plateau State. They were forced to show all the material they had filmed before being forced to pack and leave the state at nightfall. They were apprehended when it emerged that a documentary on which they were working would be critical of the government.On 4 February, the press centre at Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Lagos, opened 30 years ago, was closed by the Nigerian authorities on the orders of the head of the protocol department attached to the airport’s presidential wing, Alofabi Oduniyi. He was reported to have accused journalists accredited to the centre of writing articles that were negative and prejudicial to the interests of the president. More than 60 journalists have been prevented from recovering their equipment locked inside the centre. Martins Ayola, general director of the station Adaba FM, which broadcasts in Ondo State, said there was a price on the head of some of its senior staff for broadcasting critical programmes and they were being hunted by contract killers. One of the station’s programmes, ‘Oja-Oro’, was ordered off air by the Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation for allegedly trying to turn listeners against the governor, Olusegun Mimiko.On 1 February, Kayode Akinmade, the commissioner for information and strategy, launched a petition against the programme that succeeded ‘Oja-Oro’, entitled “Ela Oro”, alleging it was broadcasting negative perceptions of the government. Also on 1 February, Goke Famadewa, a journalist for The Punch newspaper, was manhandled by police attached to the Lagos office of Shell Nigeria. The journalist, who was reporting on a dispute inside the company, was beaten up for taking photographs of the premises. The police officers deleted all his photos before releasing him after two hours.     On 25 January, newspaper vendors Okwudili Nnadi, Tochukwu Onuigbo, Ugwu Stephen and Martha Agbedo – who had her five-month-old baby with her – were arrested by state police in Nsukka, in Enugu state. All copies of newspapers in their possession were seized based on the argument that they stirred up popular unrest because they contained photos of the victims of Boko Haram attacks. They were released after several hours but they were unable to recover the confiscated copies.Again on 25 January, Stanley Mijah, a journalist for The Scope published in Adamawa State, was indicted by a court in Yola for having in his possession sensitive articles which, if published, might disturb public order.Abdullahi Adamu Kanoma, a journalist with Zamfara State Radio, was charged with   criminal conspiracy, inciting public disturbance, illegal assembly and mischief by fire. He was arrested while on his way to the police headquarters to interview the commissioner after the fuel price protests of recent months. He was approached by police officers and told his name was a list of people to be arrested for taking part in the marches. His trial began on 6 February before the Zamfara State Sharia court.Problems persist in April, two more suspicious deathslast_img read more

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Home Insurance Risk Stabilizing

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first_img Previous: Pending Home Sales: Losing Momentum? Next: Borrower Credit Risk Increases Year-over-Year Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago  Print This Post Home / Daily Dose / Home Insurance Risk Stabilizing About Author: Joey Pizzolato Home insurance is a risk-based operation, and evaluating, understanding, and measuring those risks are key efforts to mitigating them. Which is why LexisNexis released its Home Trends Report, to help industry experts understand the current state of the market.According to the report, “The second annual LexisNexis Home Trends Report identifies key insurance industry trends on a by-peril basis – wind, hail, fire, water, theft, liability, and other – so that insurance carriers can reduce risk and price policies with more precision.” Compared to 2015, peril losses were down in 2016, as was severity of those claims, although frequency of claims stood fast. In terms of total percentage, catastrophe claims amounted for 30 percent.This year, one of the most interesting factors was that nearly half (48 percent) of all catastrophic event claims occurred in Texas and Colorado. Hail and wind accounted for most of the losses, rather than extreme weather such as tornados or hurricanes.On a national level, hail accounted for most of the peril losses in 2016—20 percent—reaching the highest level since 2011 and costing the industry $8.4 billion. Texas accounted for nearly $4 billion of that in during March and April, which broke state records.One of the reasons the report attributes to a downward trend in catastrophe losses, particularly in the northeast, was due to El Niño, which brought warm winds to the northeastern states.“The report reveals that not all perils are created equally, and that even within a peril category there will be dramatic geographic differences. Every state has its own nuances,” said George Hosfield, Senior Director, Home Insurance, LexisNexis Risk Solutions. “Our historical view of how by-peril trends change over time offers carriers new insights with which they assess and price risks more accurately, ultimately edging them closer to profitability which has been difficult to maintain in the Home insurance market.”You can find the detailed report here. Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Share Save September 27, 2017 1,609 Views Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Joey Pizzolato is the Online Editor of DS News and MReport. He is a graduate of Spalding University, where he holds a holds an MFA in Writing as well as DePaul University, where he received a B.A. in English. His fiction and nonfiction have been published in a variety of print and online journals and magazines. To contact Pizzolato, email [email protected] Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Home Insurance Risk Stabilizing in Daily Dose, Featured, Headlines, Loss Mitigation, News 2017-09-27 Joey Pizzolato The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Related Articles Subscribe The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days agolast_img read more

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Monmouth Arts Continues to Paint a Colorful Picture

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first_imgTeresa Staub, the new executive director of Monmouth Arts, helps spread the news of the group’s work in the arts.By Mary Ann Bourbeau |RED BANK – Monmouth Arts, the county’s official arts agency, is dedicated to promoting a vibrant arts community that enhances the quality of life for all of its residents.Teresa Staub took over in February as executive director and she’s looking forward to getting the word out about the organization to both artists and residents alike. Staub worked as a fundraiser for the American Cancer Society for 11 years. Her daughter became involved with Phoenix Productions in Red Bank, and instead of waiting for her in the car, Staub started helping the theater group with props. Before she knew it, she was producing a show.“Once I got involved, I absolutely loved it,” she said.She was a fundraiser for New Jersey Repertory Company in Long Branch, the Algonquin Arts Theatre in Manasquan and the Axelrod Performing Arts Center in Deal before coming to Monmouth Arts.“I am so proud to be a part of a nonprofit that allows our arts community to flourish,” she said. “Through its many programs and services, Monmouth Arts sparks cultural growth as well as provides much-needed funds to arts organizations to create a thriving cultural environment.”Monmouth Arts’ programs are made possible through funding from the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders, the Monmouth County Historical Commission and the New Jersey State Council on the Arts/ Department of State, a partner agency of the National Endowment of the Arts. With an annual budget of $500,000 and a five-person staff, the organization supports artists and arts groups through a multitude of efforts such as networking events, workshops, art walks, grants and other resources. Some of the professional development opportunities include workshops on strategic planning, using social media and developing an artist statement. The organization also publicizes artist performances and exhibitions in e-blasts, through social media and on the website.Monmouth Arts was founded in 1971 after the Junior League of Monmouth County saw the need for a central agency to coordinate and assist all county artists and arts organizations. It began with seed money from the Junior League and the New Jersey State Council on the Arts. In 1973, an anonymous donor provided funds to purchase Walter Reade’s Carlton Theatre in Red Bank, later renamed the Count Basie Theatre in honor of Red Bank native William James “Count” Basie. Although they are both still located at the same Monmouth Street address, the two non- profits separated in 1999 so that each could better focus on its individual mission. “People should stop by to find out all we do,” said Staub.The Monmouth Arts community is made up of 75 nonprofit arts groups, 1,400 artists and 3,080 creative businesses such as art galleries, theater groups, bookstores, music and arts academies, dance schools, design, advertising, architecture and publishing businesses. It also has many individual arts supporters.“I always look at Monmouth Arts as the group behind the curtain,” said Staub.The Monmouth Teen Arts Festival, which takes place every March at Brookdale Community College, is one of its biggest events, attracting 2,000 middle and high school students each year. Sneak Peek Film and Reception events are held in conjunction with Bow Tie Cinemas, Sony Pictures Classics and area restaurants. The next one will take place on June 15 at Front Street Trattoria, followed by a screening of “Maudie” at Bow Tie Cinemas.The 2017 Monmouth County Senior Art Show will run from Aug. 4-30 at the Monmouth County Library headquarters in Manalapan, with a special reception on Aug. 16. First place winners in both professional and non-professional levels across 11 categories will advance to the state competition.“I think people would be surprised to see all we offer the community,” said Staub. For more information, visit www.monmoutharts.org.Arts and entertainment writer Mary Ann Bourbeau can be reached at [email protected] article was first published in the June 1-June 8, 2017 print edition of The Two River Times.last_img read more

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PALOS VERDES STAKES QUOTES – SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 2017

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first_imgKENT DESORMEAUX, ST. JOE BAY, WINNER: “Well, there are certainly always anxious moments when you’re coming into the stretch like that but fortunately for me, St. Joe Bay did all the work.“He had about 70 yards where he had a nice breather. For me it’s just great to be on the Peter Miller team. He’s firing bullets right now.” PETER MILLER, ST. JOE BAY, WINNER: “There was a lot more pressure (on him) than I thought. When I saw that four horse (Ocho Ocho Ocho) hounding me in 21 and two, I was like, geeeez. But this horse is just so good right now and he’s got gears. When the gray horse (Moe Candy) came to him I got a little concerned, but he had another gear.“I think we’re going to look at maybe the Golden Shaheen ($2 million in Dubai on March 25). I think he deserves it.”             NOTES: The winning owners are Altamira Racing Stable and David Bernsen. TRAINER QUOTES JOCKEY QUOTES last_img read more

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SA ‘can weather global slowdown’

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first_img3 July 2008Despite a global economic slowdown resulting largely from rising food and fuel prices, South Africa’s economy is resilient enough to deal with the unfolding economic climate.“We have a much stronger economy today then we did 10 years ago and increasingly we are showing resilience to global economic dips,” Trade and Industry Minister Mandisi Mpahlwa said in Johannesburg this week.“We do not believe our economy has reached a cul-de-sac.”He added that investment was increasingly was playing a greater role in the economic growth of South Africa.Speaking from the headquarters of Business Unity South Africa (Busa), Mpahlwa said South Africa was recently identified by a professor at the London School of Economics as one of four key emerging economies in the world, placing it alongside China, India and Brazil.Regionally significant and diverseSince the 1990s, South Africa has emerged as one of the most important developing economies within the global economy.“We might not have the size of China, India and Brazil, but we are regionally significant with a diverse and growing economy,” Mpahlwa said. “We need to make sure that we remain in the stream of fast-growing economies despite the challenging global economic environment.”To ensure diversification of exports, South Africa is currently in discussions with China to find ways in which to increase the market penetration of value-added goods into the Chinese economy.He added that South Africa was in the process of trying to change from being a majority exporter of raw materials to a supplier of value-added goods on a greater scale.Shifting trade patternsMpahlwa said that trade patterns were shifting at the moment, noting that Africa-Asia trade was starting to surpass Africa-European trade. “The trade balance is shifting more toward Asia, with an increase in trade between developing countries,” he said.Among the challenges facing the South African economy were insufficient energy to meet rising demand, a shortage of skills, and the need to increase productivity and boost infrastructure development.He pointed out that while the short-term solution was to import skills, this practice was not sustainable in the longer term and skills had to be developed locally.“The issue of insufficient energy, skills shortages, and infrastructure challenges is not unique to South Africa but is a global problem,” Mpahlwa added.Current account deficitSouth Africa’s widening account deficit came as a result of South African manufacturers already running at capacity and therefore not being able to deal with increased demand ahead of the massive infrastructure drive for the 2010 Fifa World Cup.South Africa was therefore forced to import goods to cover the local output shortage, Mpahlwa said, adding that local manufacturers needed to reinvest in capacity in order to meet the growing demand in the country.Another factor greatly affecting the current account deficit was the current record prices for crude oil.In the prevailing economic slowdown, it was imperative that South Africa did not lose focus of what it had set out to achieve. “Now is the time to commit ourselves to more vigorously pursue these objectives,” he said.Taking down barriersMpahlwa said the government’s response to the tightening economic conditions was to speed up industrial development, continue promoting small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs), and further strengthen the state’s capacity to unlock the country’s economic potential.He added that regional integration within the Southern African Development Community also needed greater impetus, as all countries within the bloc needed to take advantage of the almost free trade environment that existed in order to maximise regional trade.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

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South African rowers shine at Olympics

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first_img1 August 2012While Chad le Clos grabbed South Africa’s second gold medal in the swimming pool at the 2012 London Olympic Games on Tuesday night, some other South Africans put in good performances on the first two days of the week.The most impressive of those came on Tuesday afternoon from the men’s lightweight fours rowing team of Matthew Brittain, Lawrence Ndlovu, John Smith, James Thompson.They secured a place in the A final after a strong performance over the 2 000 metres distance in very testing, rainy conditions at Eton Dorney.Early goingDenmark, with four-time Olympic medallist and six-time world champion Eskild Ebbesen in their four, started strongly and forged an early lead, with South Africa in second place and world champions, Australia, in third. France, Italy and China filled the following three places.Australia made a move near the halfway mark to edge ahead of South Africa, as the two teams closed the gap on the Danes.Then, with 500 metres remaining, South Africa made a strong push, overhauling the world champions to finish less than a second behind Denmark.Having proved to be one of the six top teams in the world, the crew from Pretoria University has a decent opportunity to add to South Africa’s medal haul on Thursday.FinalApart from the Danes and the Aussies, they’ll be up against hosts Great Britain, Switzerland and the Netherlands in the final.Gideon Louw, competing in the 100 metres freestyle, qualified for the semi-finals with the second-fastest time, a career best 48.29 seconds, despite having the second-slowest starting time out of all the swimmers contesting the event.Unfortunately, in the semis, his start was even worse than in the heats and he faced an uphill battle to make the final.Louw showed great speed to close down some of the ground he had lost at the start, but his time of 48.44 seconds meant he missed out on the title-decider by a single place.Proud exitSouth Africa’s women’s football team, Banyana Banyana, after two defeats, exited the Games proudly after holding Japan to a goalless draw.The Japanese, at number three in the world, were the highest ranked of the teams in South Africa’s pool, which also included world number four Sweden and world number seven Canada.The country’s men’s and women’s hockey teams found the going tough. The men were beaten 6-0 by world number one Australia, while the women fell 4-1 to New Zealand after a disappointing performance.Gideon van Zyl appeared to be well on top of Rustam Orujov of Azerbaijan before losing by ippon in the under-73 kilogram division of the judo competition.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

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Cancer discovered in fossils in South Africa

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first_imgThe rise of cancer in humans is often attributed to modern lifestyles. But two recent discoveries in fossils in South Africa show that cancer has been a part of life for millions of years. Scientists and researchers collectively have published their findings in the South African Journal of Science. The old foot bone, dating from approximately 1.7 million years ago, shows the extent of expansion of osteosarcoma, or primary bone cancer, beyond the surface of the bone. (Image: Patrick Randolph-Quinney, UCLan)Priya PitamberStressful, hurried, modern lifestyles are often associated with the rise of cancer in humans. But two recent discoveries in South Africa – one on a foot bone dated approximately 1.7 million years ago, the other a tumour in the back of a child – turns that theory on its head.A team of scientists from the University of the Witwatersrand’s Evolutionary Studies Institute and the South African Centre for Excellence in PalaeoSciences, working with international researchers, recently published papers in the South African Journal of Science on the discoveries of evidence of cancer and bony tumours in fossils.The foot bone was found at a site in Swartkrans. It pushes back the oldest date for cancer from recent history to prehistory. The bone belonged to a hominin, or bipedal human relative, said the scientists.“Modern medicine tends to assume that cancers and tumours in humans are diseases caused by modern lifestyles and environments,” said Edward Odes, a Wits doctoral candidate and lead author of the cancer paper, and a co-author on the tumour paper.“Our studies show the origins of these diseases occurred in our ancient relatives millions of years before modern industrial societies existed.”Scientists identified the metatarsal, or foot bone, as having an osteosarcoma, an aggressive form of cancer usually affecting younger people today. If not treated, it results in death.The cancer would have affected the individual’s ability to walk or run, said Dr Bernhard Zipfel, a Wits scientist and an expert on the foot and locomotion of early human relatives. “In short, it would have been painful.”Watch the experts explain their discoveries:An accompanying paper, published in the same journal, identified the oldest tumour in a human fossil dating from almost 2 million years ago. Scientists found a benign neoplasm in the vertebrae of the well-known Australopithecus sediba child, Karabo, found at the Malapa site. The top row shows the surface rendered image volume. The bottom row shows partially transparent image volume with the segmented boundaries of the lesion rendered solid pink. Volume data derived from phase contrast X-ray synchrotron microtomography. A: right lateral view. B: superior view. C: posterior view. (Image: Paul Tafforeau, ESRF)“Not only has there been an assumption that these sorts of cancers and tumours are diseases of modernity, which these fossils clearly demonstrate they are not, but that we as modern humans exhibit them as a consequence of living longer, yet this rare tumour is found in a young child,” said Prof Lee Berger, a co-author of both papers and the leader of the Malapa project, where the fossil vertebra was found.He is the research professor in Human Evolution and the Public Understanding of Science at the Institute for Human Evolution, School of GeoSciences, at Wits.“The history of these types of tumours and cancers is clearly more complex than previously thought,” Berger said. Today is the 8th anniversary of the discovery of the #Malapa site leading a few weeks later to discovering #sedia! pic.twitter.com/yWu2jFWolF— Lee Berger (@LeeRberger) August 1, 2016 Dr Patrick Randolph-Quinney, senior lecturer in biological and forensic anthropology at the UK’s University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), said the finding in Australopithecus sediba was fascinating not only because it was found in the back, which was rare, but also that it was found in a child. “This in fact is the first evidence of such a disease in a young individual in the whole of the fossil human record.”The cancer and tumour were diagnosed using the best technology available from various institutions, including the European Synchrotron Research Facility in Grenoble, France; medical CT (or computed tomography) at the Charlotte Maxeke Hospital in Johannesburg; and the micro-CT facility at the Nuclear Energy Corporation of South Africa at Pelindaba.Dr Jacqueline Smilg, a radiologist at Charlotte Maxeke Hospital, was also a co-author of both papers. She participated in the clinical diagnoses of each discovery. Researchers in the country were at the forefront of using various X-ray modalities to discover fresh details about ancient human relatives, she said.“This is another good example of how the modern clinical sciences and the science of palaeoanthropology are working together in South Africa and with international collaborators to advance our understanding of diseases in both the past and the present,” she said.last_img read more

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Super Mario Zips Through A Loophole In Apple’s App Restrictions

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first_imgnick statt Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Update, July 17: Apple has partly closed the loophole that made it possible to play Nintendo games on iGadgets.Lots of gamers have long wanted to play classics like Pokémon and Super Mario on the iPhone. Unfortunately, publishers like Nintendo have no desire to undermine their own handheld ecosystem. Those determined to bring GameBoy functionality to their iDevices have pretty much been forced to jailbreak them.See also: Apple Slams The Door On Super MarioNo longer, at least for the moment. Thanks to an unexpected loophole in Apple’s developer restrictions, it’s currently possible for anyone to install a fully functioning Game Boy Advance emulator on the iPhone or iPad for free—without jailbreaking their device. Emulator developer Riley Testut created the app, called GBA4iOS, by basing it on another popular jailbreak emulator called gpSphone.  Everything an iPhone Nintendo fan needs is on Testut’s GitHub page. It’s possible to download the app straight to an iPhone via mobile Safari in three basic steps that don’t require the input of any personal information or validation of the phone’s UDID, an identifying number typically necessary to install test versions of apps that aren’t yet available in the App Store.All this requires at least some technical expertise. But once it’s installed, the GBA4iOS app then makes it easy to find and download unlicensed Nintendo games to play. ReadWrite doesn’t condone piracy, so we’re not going into any more detail on that subject.Through The Loophole And Back AgainTestut basically exploited a loophole in Apple’s iOS Developer Enterprise Program, which was designed to let an organization sideload test apps for a large number of users without jumping over the usual developer hurdles of registering UDIDs and installing “provisioning profiles” that allow otherwise unauthorized apps to run on normal (i.e., non-jailbroken) iDevices.Because the program is designed for effortless app downloads, it imposes few restrictions—sidestepping, for instance, the requirement in regular iOS developer program that limits downloads to 100 devices—and no requirements on the user end at all. Testut and the Game Boy Advance emulator exploit that system via work done by a company called MacBuildServer. You see, Testut didn’t actually build the GBA4iOS app that users download through the GitHub link. Rather, he just uploaded the app code to GitHub.Under normal circumstances, that allows anyone else to compile the app—that is, to build a functional version from the underlying code—on their own using Apple’s Xcode application and to register it through their own enterprise developer account. That’s the hard way, not least because it requires anyone downloading GBA4iOS to deal with Xcode.The easy way is to have someone else build the app for you, without restrictions, thanks to the Enterprise Program and it’s rather unorthodox leniency. MacBuildServer, a company whose main function is helping developers ease the development process by cutting Xcode out of the equation, has such an account, and Testut used it.See also: Dear Nintendo: Give Me Super Mario On My iPhone AlreadySo to do this the easy way, a user submits Testut’s Github code to MacBuildServer, which automatically builds the app, signs off on it with the company’s own enterprise program account, and installs it directly to the user’s device.Asked by WonderHowTo’s Nelson Aguilar as to why the company would allow this, MacBuildServer co-founder Sergey Dmitriev explained, “Every user of MacBuildServer should have their own certificate and sign their apps with it.” Turns out, though, that anyone going through this process doesn’t actually need their own certificate. “We do sign the apps compiled with MacBuildServer with our own enterprise certificate just to show how easy the whole process works, this implies that you only use it to test the apps. We do not have any limits (at least we never reached one),” Dmitriev added. So if you download Testut’s GBA emulator, just tell yourself that you’re only “testing” the app. In other words, Testut is running what’s probably the biggest beta test in iOS history—and using it to “test” an app that would stand no chance of ever being approved by Apple under normal circumstances.Boss Fight!It’s hard to imagine that Apple is happy with this state of affairs, though it’s not immediately clear what, if anything, it plans to do about it.Apple might, for instance, close the loophole that lets Enterprise Program users sign certificates for other users. It could also impose a device limit on the program that would prevent the Nintendo-loving masses from installing the GBA4iOS app via MacBuildServer’s enterprise account.Neither step, of course, would prevent someone from obtaining their own enterprise developer account and compiling the app themselves using Testut’s GitHub code and the Xcode compiler. Alternatively, the eager Zelda fan could still have MacBuildServer compile the app by providing their own enterprise account details,per Dmitriev’s ethical suggestion.There are a lot of options here, although they are somewhat daunting for those not technically inclined. Jailbreaking a phone is quite possibly easier, though it also entails other risks.Of course, Apple could also lower the boom on MacBuildServer and Testut to nix the whole operation. That might seem like a disproportionate exercise of Cupertino’s muscle, especially given that neither Testut or MacBuildServer are making money from it. But copyright concerns have forced even more extreme reactions in similar cases.ReadWrite has reached out to the Mac overlords, and will update the story if we hear back. In the meantime, any iPhone user who’s been dying to take another go at Pokémon Fire Red but doesn’t want to jailbreak their device has a window to make that happen. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Tags:#iOS#jailbreaking last_img read more

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San Beda coach livid over disqualifying foul on Bolick

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first_imgLOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief WATCH: Kobe Bryant recites retirement poem with composer John Williams For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. View comments MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Read Next Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Fernandez said San Beda will file an appeal to downgrade Bolick’s disqualifying foul in time for its game against Mapua on Friday.“We’ll appeal that for sure, but how can we appeal if there’s no report? We want to know what happened, why they called it for Robert? Why? They have to justify it,” he said.Fernandez then turned his ire towards commissioner Bai Cristobal, noting that the official could have handled the matter better knowing that decisions made from that situation gravely impact some of the players’ career in the long run.Bolick is in the running for the Most Valuable Player plum, with him currently sixth in the race with averages of 13.56 points, 7.56 rebounds, and 4.67 assists.He also posted a near triple-double performance in the game with 14 markers, 11 dimes, and seven boards, but him being sent to the showers in the game against St. Benilde already rules him out of any individual plum at the end of the season.ADVERTISEMENTcenter_img Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses “Why would you throw him out? My God, the guy was running for MVP. He destroyed the future of that guy,” he said. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. With the Red Lions leading, 71-57, and the game already out of reach, Blazers guard Carlo Young took down Bolick, who was driving to the basket, hard late in the game. But Bolick and Clint Doliguez were also thrown out with 2:28 to play.“It’s unethical. We were already up by 14 points and it’s a fastbreak. Why endanger a guy? And then punish a guy? I really don’t know what’s happening,” said Fernandez.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutFernandez couldn’t stop himself from wondering how the officials were able to come up with their decisions during the scuffle, sensing that there might be some kind of bias against San Beda.“I don’t want to insinuate things. I don’t want to speculate, but it’s a won game already, and then that incident happened and they penalized the other team that did not start it,” he said. “If they want us to lose ball games, then let us lose that ball game in a proper way. God, it’s so bad. It’s wrong. (We had) six fouls in fourth quarter and the other team only has one foul, and then that happens. They tackle a player? Should he be thrown out? Yes, it should be an [ejection]. But why penalize the other guy?” Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netSan Beda coach Boyet Fernandez leapt to Robert Bolick’s defense after he felt his star playmaker was unjustly ejected in his team’s 72-56 win over St. Benilde on Tuesday.“You have to see that. You throw out a guy who is tackled, (who the other player is) trying to get injured, and then you call him and throw him out again? I really don’t know,” the mentor fumed in the press room.ADVERTISEMENT Inquirer Varsity Seven: San Beda’s Robert Bolick PLAY LIST 01:18Inquirer Varsity Seven: San Beda’s Robert Bolick02:12San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 9300:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension LATEST STORIES WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s weddinglast_img read more

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Govt grants Rs 6.85cr to 22 athletes for Olympics

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first_imgTo impart better training facilities to Indian athletes for the London Olympics, the sports ministry on Tuesday sanctioned Rs  6.85 crore to 22 sportspersons under Operation Excellence 2012.There are many prominent names in the list, with double trap shooter Ronjan Singh Sodhi being the biggest beneficiary, having granted Rs 97.37 lakh for his training.Among the other marksmen, trap shooters Manavjit Singh Sandhu and Mansher Singh have been sanctioned Rs 91.95 lakh and Rs 47.25 lakh respectively.India’s top-ranked singles player, Somdev Devvarman has been allocated Rs 39.60 lakh while Sania Mirza, Mahesh Bhupathi, Leander Paes, Rohan Bopanna Yuki Bhambri and Sanam Singh will get Rs 36.96 lakh each.Discus thrower Krishna Poonia, who won a gold at the Delhi Commonwealth Games last year, has been sanctioned Rs 24.20 lakh while shot putter Om Prakash Karhana was granted Rs 48.10 lakh for his training. List of sportspersonsRonjan Sodhi (shooting) Rs 97.37 lakh, Manavjit Singh Sandhu (shooting) Rs 91.95 lakh, Mansher Singh (shooting) Rs 47.25 lakh, Krishna Poonia (discus) Rs 24.20 lakh, Om Prakash Karhana (shot put) Rs 48.10 lakh, Vikas Gowda (discus) Rs 24.51 lakh, Somdev Devvarman (tennis) Rs 39.60 lakh, Sania Mirza (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Mahesh Bhupathi (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Rohan Bopanna (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Yuki Bhambri (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Sanam Singh (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Leander Paes (tennis) Rs 36.96 lakh, Ashish Kumar, Rakesh Patra, Alok Ranajan, Iqrar Hasan (gymnasts-men) Rs 56.83 lakh, Dipa Karmarkar, B Aruna, Rucha Divekar, Roma Jogalekar, Meenakshi (gymnasts-women Rs 33.08 lakh)last_img read more

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