The unrest started in Tunisia, when one desperate man’s act of self-immolation in December spawned massive protests and the ouster of the country’s authoritarian president, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. It quickly spread to Egypt, where two weeks ago protesters began flooding the streets of Cairo and Alexandria to demand President Hosni Mubarak step down. And it has caught on in Syria, Jordan, and Yemen.The protests that have rocked the Arab world in recent weeks have left many observers wondering if the region’s citizens will achieve self-government after decades of dictatorial rule. As Egyptians continued to occupy Tahrir Square Thursday night (Feb. 3), several Harvard experts offered their views on the wave of pro-democratic demonstrations in an event at the John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum at the Institute of Politics.“There’s a pan-Arab narrative of reform being written in these events,” said R. Nicholas Burns, Sultan of Oman Professor of the Practice of International Relations at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and moderator of “Tunisia, Egypt, and Lebanon: Changing Arab Politics?” sponsored by the Middle East Initiative at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and the Outreach Center at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies. Burns led a discussion that analyzed both the political situation on the ground and the long-term prospects for democratic reform in the Middle East.The unrest in Egypt mirrors recent events in Tunisia, said Malika Zeghal, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Professor in Contemporary Islamic Thought and Life in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS). In both countries, a growing population of young people has chafed at a lack of opportunity caused by high unemployment rates and stifling dictatorial regimes.But both movements, Zeghal stressed, are more than “cyclical bread riots”: They represent a deep-seated desire for cultural and political change.“This is quite an extraordinary moment for the history of the modern Middle East,” she said. “It has shown to others in the region that it can be done.”It helps to view events in Tunisia and Egypt in the context of the region’s politics since the 1960s, said Roger Owen, A.J. Meyer Professor of Middle East History in FAS. Owen, who is working on a book about the Middle East’s “presidents for life,” noted that of the nine Arab republics, seven are ruled by lifelong leaders. Of those, six are over the age of 60.“One is dealing with a club of increasingly old men,” said Owen, calling their attempts to hold onto power “inefficient” and “overmanaged.”Rami Khouri, director of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut and a senior fellow of the Belfer Center’s Dubai Initiative, agreed.“What’s going on now is absolutely no surprise,” Khouri said. “There was massive discontent below the surface.” He cited a recent Gallup poll finding that 30 percent of young Arabs wanted to emigrate, both to pursue better economic opportunities and to escape oppressive governments.Egypt now faces tough decisions about when to force Mubarak’s exit, and whether the country should work within its existing constitution to enact democratic reforms or begin negotiations for a new government entirely, said Tarek Masoud, an assistant professor of public policy at HKS.If Mubarak steps down too soon, Masoud said, Egyptian protests could dissipate, leaving a power vacuum to be filled by opposition leaders “who have no formal mandate and no longer have the force of the crowds behind them.”“Whatever the end game is of this particular scenario, I think the Egyptian people are going to be much more formidable than they were previously,” Masoud said. “But the worry is that you could take them for a very long ride.”Panelists said American fears of a Muslim Brotherhood takeover of Parliament — and a resulting wave of Islamic reforms — are unfounded.In truth, Egypt’s Islamists are “like George Wallace in the South,” Khouri said, referring to the American presidential candidate who militantly opposed civil rights. “They’ll always get 15, 20 percent” of the popular vote, but pose no real threat, he said.While it’s too early to back a replacement regime in Egypt, the panelists agreed, American leaders shouldn’t be afraid to support the Egyptian people in their fight for democracy.“You can’t bet against the people,” Masoud said. “Eventually they are going to achieve their freedom. And then they’re going to ask, ‘Where was the United States when I was engaged in this process?’” If Egyptians conclude the United States was against them, he added, that would pose a greater risk to American foreign policy down the line.The speakers set out to counter some popular narratives that have dominated coverage of the Egyptian protests. In particular, they worried that both the Egyptian people and Western observers see the Egyptian military, which has thus far refused to fire on crowds of demonstrators, as a potential savior.“Protesters greeted the Army as a national institution that was going to restore order,” Masoud said. But that “yearning for order” could result in a military takeover of government that would produce very little real reform, he cautioned.Another myth? That social media (specifically Facebook, where young Egyptians first called for a day of protest, and Twitter) are behind the unrest. Masoud likened such websites to shoes: One wouldn’t attend a protest without them, but no one would say they caused the protest in the first place.“There’s been a vast exaggeration of the importance of social media,” Khouri said. “The media helps this process, but it starts with the courage of individuals.”
Students show their community spirit, as first-years learn where they’ll live next Making Harvard’s Houses home Women perform alongside male counterparts for first time in group’s 171-year history Faculty deans create community with ‘extended family’ of students Coed Hasty Pudding makes its debut Related Rocking the House(s) At Currier House, the past is front and center.A new photo wall is on display in the House’s lower level, honoring its namesake, Audrey Bruce Currier ’56, as well as the four alumnae for whom the connecting buildings were named.Currier is the only residence House on campus named solely after a woman (although Pforzheimer House is named for Carol K. and Carl H. Pforzheimer Jr. and their family).Sociology concentrator Xue “Snow” Dong ’19 began the Currier project two years ago, when she was interning with what is now the Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion Team in the Dean of Students Office. She and a small group of colleagues organized a formal dinner for 200 students to celebrate Currier and its unique history. Dong was responsible for making educational posters about the House to display at the dinner (which has become an annual tradition; the next will be held in April), and those posters became “like a prototype” for the new photo wall, she said.The final photos and their accompanying captions were installed at the end of February, in time for the beginning of Women’s History Month.The exhibit will be on display at least until the next academic year, Dong said. It is on view for students and anyone who has a Harvard ID.“This campus has a lot of representation of men, at least visually,” Dong said. “Every building you walk into has oil paintings of prominent leaders. It’s very validating for the contribution of men to this campus, but you can’t deny the contributions of women.”History of Audrey CurrierAudrey Bruce Currier ’56 disappeared in a plane crash in 1967.Audrey Bruce was a student at Radcliffe when she met Stephen Currier ’49. Both came from distinguished backgrounds: She was the daughter of David Bruce, an ambassador to Great Britain, and granddaughter of financier Andrew W. Mellon; and he was a descendent of the printmaker Nathaniel Currier, of Currier and Ives.Together, they built a distinguished reputation of their own. In 1958 they established the Taconic Foundation, which sponsored advancements in Civil Rights, education, housing, employment, and anti-poverty programs. In 1963, Stephen Currier asked to meet with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. to discuss funding, organization, and collaboration between Civil Rights groups. The Council for United Civil Rights Leadership (CUCRL) was formed and brought together leaders of organizations including the NAACP and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and white donors who wanted to help their causes. CUCRL worked to centralize discussions and debates and helped organize the 1963 March on Washington. Stephen Currier, who donated $1.5 million to the CUCRL through the foundation, was selected as co-chair.In 1967, the Curriers disappeared when their plane vanished over the Caribbean after departing from San Juan, Puerto Rico. The plane’s wreckage was never recovered; neither were the Curriers’ bodies.Currier House opened in 1970 following a $5.4 million donation from Audrey Currier’s mother, Ailsa Mellon Bruce, in honor of her daughter. It served as housing for Radcliffe College and is now part of The Quad that includes Cabot House and Pforzheimer House.Each Currier building is connected by a basement hallway. The wings are named for notable Radcliffe alumnae: musician and composer Mabel Daniels from the Class of 1900, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Barbara Tuchman ’33, journalist and civic leader Mary Bingham ’28, and former chair of the Radcliffe Board of Trustees Helen Gilbert ’36.,Famous Currier residents have included cellist Yo-Yo Ma ’76, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, who left before graduating with the Class of ’77, Caroline Kennedy ’80, and scientist Neil deGrasse Tyson ’80.As an international student from China, Dong said inclusion is important to her Harvard experience. She said she hopes the photo exhibit will bring greater recognition to Currier’s history.“Even though the history is not visible, the mental priming of knowing this House has a history of women and minority students creates an identity framework where I can feel belonging and comfortable,” she said.She added that as the youngest House, Currier and its cohorts needed further ways to bond.“It’s such a small thing compared to the bigger experience at Harvard, [but] that type of memory about this House will become part of the Currier identity, and that’s something I’m really excited about,” she said.
Posted in kazekdloTagged: 2020颛桥南街还有能玩的吗, 上海x时代论坛, 上海水磨会所_上海gm资源群, 上海龙凤黑玫瑰, 夜上海论坛CQ, 夜上海论坛MK, 大桶大提供飞机吗, 杭州胤隆会699服务项目, 爱上海RJ, 爱上海TC, 爱上海WM, 苏州幻境spa正规吗.