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Child’s H9N2 flu case probably from birds

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first_imgMar 28, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Hong Kong officials concluded that a baby girl who was recently infected with H9N2 avian influenza—a strain believed to have pandemic potential—probably contracted it from birds, according to recent reports.A 9-month-old girl who was hospitalized with respiratory symptoms twice in recent weeks tested positive for an H9N2 infection Mar 20. The girl had only a mild illness but was treated in isolation at Princess Margaret Hospital, the Hong Kong Department of Health reported in a Mar 22 statement. At the time of her second hospitalization she had respiratory syncytial virus, the statement said.Dr. Thomas Tsang, controller of the Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection, said tests had ruled out the possibility of human-to-human transmission in the girl’s case, according to a Mar 24 news release from Hong Kong’s Information Services Department.Tsang said genetic analysis of the H9N2 virus showed that it was entirely of avian origin, suggesting that the child contracted it directly from a bird, the release said. Because the girl had no contact with wild birds before her illness, she may have caught the virus at a bird market that she visited several times with her family, Tsang said.He also said tests on respiratory specimens from a healthcare worker and three children who were in the same hospital cubicle with the baby in early March tested negative for H9 viruses, and her family had no symptoms.Meanwhile, leading virologist Robert Webster warned this week that H9N2 is an “insidious” virus that needs close monitoring because it could trigger an outbreak in humans, according to a Mar 27 Bloomberg News report.H9N2 is far less known than the deadly Asian strain of H5N1 virus, which has killed at least 169 people and millions of poultry in Asia and Africa in the past few years. But Webster told Bloomberg, “H9N2 is an insidious virus. This is the one that’s far more dangerous in some ways. It doesn’t get much attention because it doesn’t kill chickens and doesn’t kill humans.”He said H9N2 can spread among pigs and infects chickens without making them sick. On the “hit list” of viruses, he added, “H5N1 is at [the] top, and H9N2 is right behind. Then come H7N7 and H2N2.”At least three cases of H9N2 illness, all of them mild, have occurred in Hong Kong children in recent years. Two girls were infected in 1999 and a 5-year-old boy had the virus in 2003.Robert L. Atmar, MD, a Baylor College of Medicine professor who has participated in clinical trials of an H9N2 vaccine, said human H9N2 illnesses may be less rare than the record suggests. Seroprevalence studies in China in the 1990s found H9 antibodies in 2% to 3% of the population, which suggests that some cases are missed, he told CIDRAP News via e-mail.Atmar, a professor in the Departments of Medicine and of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, also commented that the finding of a case in a 9-month-old child was “a little surprising unless she was toddling around the market. Usually, cases of avian influenza have followed close contact with infected poultry. H9N2 viruses are common in bird markets.”See also:Mar 20 CIDRAP News story “Baby in Hong Kong infected with H9N2 avian flu”Journal of Clinical Microbiology report on Hong Kong H9N2 case in 2003last_img read more

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Decatur County Traffic Safety Partnership (TSP) issues 110 citations, 10 arrests during ‘Click It or Ticket’

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first_imgGreensburg, In. — Over 24 days, Decatur County TSP issued 110 citations and made 10 arrests as part of the national “Click It or Ticket” mobilization. Indiana law requires the driver and all passengers to buckle up.More than 230 Indiana law-enforcement agencies joined thousands across the nation to enforce seat-belt laws in cars and trucks, for both children and adults, in the front seat and back, both day and night. The overtime, highly visible traffic patrols were supported with federal traffic safety funds administered by the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute.“We enforce seat belts and other traffic laws to protect the lives of our community members on the road,” said local law-enforcement leaders. “With the summer travel season now underway, remember to always buckle up – every trip, every time – and use a sober driver.”Don’t be a statisticHoosiers are more likely to suffer property damage, injuries or death in a traffic crash than be a victim of burglary, violent crime or murder, respectively. And the small number of Hoosier motorists (6.6 percent) who still don’t buckle up make up more than half of roadway deaths.Male drivers, particularly those age 15-44, are the least likely to be buckled during a crash. Injury rates among unrestrained motorists are also higher:In rural counties,When a driver is speeding or impaired, and/orOn weekend nights between 11 p.m. and 4 a.m.More seat-belt statistics are online here.  Buckle up for your familyDon’t just buckle up for yourself; think about your friends and family. During a crash, unrestrained passengers can become projectiles that injure or kill others in the car.Parents who don’t buckle themselves up are more likely to have unbuckled kids. That means one ticket for the driver and one for each unrestrained child under 16.Traffic crashes are a leading killer of children ages 1 to 13. The back seat is the safest place for children under 13 to ride.Indiana law requires all children under age 8 to be properly restrained in child car seat or booster seat.Choose the safest car seat for your child’s height and weight with this tool.Find a certified car-seat safety technician to assist with installation and proper usage here or through the SaferCar app on the App Store or Google Play.Seat-belt tipsWhat is the best way to reduce your chances of injury or death? Buckle up! Below are tips for proper seat-belt use:Secure the lap belt across your hips and pelvis, below your stomach.Place the shoulder belt across the middle of your chest and rib cage, away from your neck.Never put the shoulder belt behind your back or under an arm.If your seat belt doesn’t fit you, or you have an older car with lap belts only, ask your dealer or vehicle manufacturer about seat-belt adjusters, extenders or retrofits.last_img read more

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